(AKC Toy Group)
Size: Very small.
Weight: 8 to 12 pounds.
Availability: Very difficult to find.
UTILIZATION : Small guardian and companion dog.
Bruxellois, Griffon Belge and Petit BrabanÃ§on) all descend from a
small rough-coated dog called a â€œSmousjeâ€, which for centuries has
been found in the Brussels area.
In the 19th century, bringing in blood-lines from the Ruby King
Charles Spaniel and the Pug produced the short black coat and fixed
the current breed type. These little dogs are very alert and were bred
to guard carriages and keep stables free from rodents.
In 1883 the first Griffon Bruxellois were registered at L.O.S.H. (The
St.Hubert stud book). They were Topsy (L.O.S.H. nr.163) and Foxine
(L.O.S.H. nr.164). By about 1900 they had become very popular,
together with other breeds, thanks to the royal interest shown in them
by Queen Marie-Henriette of Belgium. Many specimens were
exported abroad and helped the spread and popularity of the breed.
well-balanced, alert, proud, robust, practically square; with good bone
but at the same time elegant in its movement and construction;
attracting attention by its almost human expression.
The two Griffons are rough-coated and are distinguished to each other
by colour, whereas the Petit BrabanÃ§on is short-coated.
IMPORTANT PORPORTIONS : Length of body, from point of
shoulder to point of buttock should be as equal as possible to height at
proud, very attached to its owner, very watchful. Neither timid nor
striking. The head is quite large compared with the body and has an
almost human expression. In the Griffons the hair is rough,
upstanding and tousled; it is longer above the eyes, on the foreface,
the cheeks and chin, forming the head furnishings.
CRANIAL REGION : Broad and round. The forehead is wellrounded.
Stop : Very pronounced.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black. The nose is set at the same level as the eyes. Nose
leather is broad with wide-open nostrils. The tip of the nose is tilted
back so that in profile the chin, the nose and the forehead are on the
Muzzle : The foreface including the nose is very short : it must not
exceed 1.5 cm. For the Petit BrabanÃ§on a correct foreface appears
longer because it has no furnishing. A poor expression is given by a
non-turned-up foreface, just as it is by a nose whose top line lies
below the line from the bottom of the eyes and these are both serious
Lips : Black. The top and bottom lips are in close contact and closefitting.
The upper lip does not form flews and does not overlap the
lower lip. If it is too loose it spoils the desired expression.
Jaws/teeth : The lower jaw is curved upwards, broad, non-pointed and
jutting beyond the upper jaw; the breed is undershot. The incisors on
each jaw are expected to be regularly set and in a straight line, with
upper and lower remaining really parallel.
The mouth must be tightly closed, showing neither teeth nor tongue.
The width and prominence of the chin are extremely important. Care
must be taken to ensure that no incisors are missing.
Eyes : Well set apart, large and round, never bulging. Brown, as dark
as possible. The eye is to be edged with black and preferably no white
of eye is to be seen. Small, oval or light coloured eyes are a fault.
Ears : Small, set high with enough space between them. Uncropped
ears carried semi-erect and falling forwards. Ears which are too big
are undesirable, so are ears falling on the side of the head. Cropped
ears are pointed and erect. Cropped and uncropped ears are equally
NECK : Medium length; blends harmoniously into the shoulders.
BODY : The length of the body practically equals the height at the
withers. The overall impression is of small square powerful dog.
Withers : Slightly raised.
Back : Straight, short, strong.
Loins : Short and muscled, very slightly arched.
Croup : Broad and flat or only very slightly sloping.
Chest : Broad, well let down to elbows. The breastbone is well
defined, which gives a slightly jutting chest in profile. Ribs wellsprung
but not barrel nor too flat.
Underline : Belly slightly tucked up; flanks clearly defined.
TAIL : Set high and carried quite high. A docked tail is shortened y
2/3 of its length. A non-docked tail is carried upwards with the tip
towards the back without ever reaching it or being curled. A naturally
short or broken or curly tail is a severe fault.
Overview : Front legs parallel with good bone, set sufficiently wide
Shoulders : Normal shoulder angulation.
Elbows : Close to body.
Wrists : Strong.
Feet : Small, round, neither turning out nor in. Tight fitting toes;
fused toes are undesirable. Thick pads as dark as possible. Nails
preferably black, as dark as possible.
Overview : Hind legs with good bone, really parallel, angulated to
balance with front legs.
Stifles : Sufficient angulation.
Hocks : Well let down, neither close nor open.
Feet : See forequarters. Dewclaws not sought after.
GAIT/MOVEMENT : Powerful, parallel movement of limbs with
good rear drive. High-stepping front movement and ambling are
Quality of coat : The Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon Belge are
rough-coated with undercoat. The hair is naturally harsh, slightly
wavy, not curly, it is trimmed. The hair must be long enough for its
structure to be appreciated. Hair which is too long destroys the
outline and is not sought after. A silky or woolly coat is a serious
fault. The Petit BrabanÃ§on is short-coated. The hair is harsh, flat and
gleaming, and at most 2 cm long.
Head furnishing : With the Griffons the furnishing (beard and
moustache) begin under the nose-eye axis and goes from one ear to
the other, covering the muzzle and the cheeks with thick hair which is
longer than on the rest of the body. Above the eyes, the hair must be
longer than on the rest of the skull, forming eye-brows.
Griffon Bruxellois : Red, reddish; a little black is allowed on the head
Griffon Belge : Black, black and tan. The tan markings must be pure
and of a sustained color. They are situated on the front legs, from
foot to wrist, on the hind legs from foot to hock. They go up the
inside of the legs.
They are also situated on the chest, on the cheeks, on the chin, above
the eyes, inside the ears, below the tail and around the anus. The
black can be mixed with red-brown, which is allowed although pure
black and black and tan are preferred.
Petit BrabanÃ§on : The same colours are accepted as for the Griffons.
It has a dark mask. Grey or frosting in the mask for older dogs should
not be penalised.
In all three breeds, a few white hairs on the chest are tolerated but not
Varies from 3,5 to 6 kg.